This is an article published by the American National Domestic Violence Hotline. The article can be found on it’s own web site at

Please not that any contact information in the article is only valid in the U.S.A. and, if affected by this article, should seek local support but searching Google for ‘Domestic Violence Support’ in your own area. In Ireland some of those supports are:     SONAS     Women’s Aid     Men’s Aid    ADAPT   [just click the link to go directly to their website]

Trauma Bonds: What Are They and How Can We Overcome Them? 

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